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    貴州博文教育告訴你小學生快速背誦古詩詞的方法
    發布時間:12月18日 瀏覽:1206   [ ] 視力保護色:
    很多孩子背誦時偏向死記硬背,結果事倍功半,不僅造成學習負擔,還容易打擊信心,造成畏難情緒,不再愛讀詩詞。快速有效地熟記古詩詞,首先要讓孩子們提高認識,認識到背誦古詩詞是件很有意義的事兒。把古詩詞背誦下來,不僅有利于今后古詩的學習,豐富語言,更有利于讓孩子受到潛移默化的國學影響。背誦還可以豐富我們的詞匯,為將來的創作奠定基礎。明確了這些好處,背誦時要心情愉快,充滿信心,相信我一定能很快背下來,保持這種心態是背誦的前提。
    下面給大家整理了幾種快速背誦古詩詞的方法:
    1.按寫作順序背誦

    寫作順序主要有時間順序、空間順序、邏輯順序。按照寫作順序來梳理文章的思路,尋找利于背誦的策略也是常見的背誦途徑。

    例如,《核舟記》的寫作是空間順序

    背誦時就可以按照這個順序來處理:整舟→船中→船頭→船尾→船背。

    文章中的每一段都有一個暗示空間順序的語句,背誦時可以先將這些語句記熟,

    然后在拆分每一段的結構,梳理每一個段落的背誦思路。
    2.限時背誦

    在規定的某個時間段內完成對某些內容的快速記憶。

    如果能夠配合適當的檢查就會強化背誦的效果

    例如限時背誦之后的即時檢測。在學校里,教師采用這種方法是非常有效的。
    3.抓關鍵詞語背誦

    所謂關鍵詞語,一是指需要背誦的文句、語段的領頭字詞;

    二是緊緊抓住容易聯想背誦內容支撐點的關鍵性動詞。

    如背誦《生于憂患,死于安樂》中歷數擔當大任的人遭逢困境的句子,

    可抓住“苦”“勞”“餓”“空乏”等意義、用法獨特和在文中作用顯著的詞語。
    4.理解背誦法

    讓孩子了解古詩詞的含義。古詩詞大多數是文言文,有的晦澀難懂,有的典故很多,可以在背古詩之前給孩子講解古詩詞的大致含義,這樣在理解的基礎上背誦也是很快速的。給孩子講有關古詩詞的相關故事,還有詩人的相關故事。古代大文豪李白、杜甫的詩篇很多,家長可以利用閑暇時間,最好是睡前,給孩子講這些詩人的趣事。這樣很容易引起孩子的興趣,激發孩子背古詩的積極性。
    5.聽錄音背誦法

    生理學家認為,讓視覺和聽覺共同參與記憶,要比單用視覺或聽覺,提高記憶效果30%—40%,這種記憶方法,人們稱為“協同記憶法”。根據這一理論,在練習背誦時,可適當播放課文錄音,使學生邊讀課文,邊聽錄音,從而形成記憶信息的雙向刺激,以強化記憶效果。
    6.求同存異法

    某些詩文具有“重章復唱”的特點,各章(段)字句大體相同,因此,我們在背熟第一章(段)后,只要找出其余各章(段)不同的字句并記住它們就可以了。
    為什么有人背的快,有人背的慢?

    排除記憶力差異的因素,歸根到底是方法問題。而大多數人都是因為方法問題。

    好不容易背熟,很快又忘記,怎么破?

    出現這種狀況的同學一是背誦方法不當。二是沒有及時復習。

    建議背誦的時候要有思路地背誦,給自己一些暗示的空間,便于記憶的串聯。初步背熟后還要定時配合適當的檢查,強化背誦的效果。
    背誦和朗誦一樣嗎?

    背誦與朗誦都與聲音有關,但是它們又不一樣。朗誦就是把文字作品轉化為有聲語言的創作活動。朗,即聲音的清晰、響亮;誦,即背誦。朗誦,就是用清晰、響亮的聲音,結合各種語言手段來完整地表達作品思想感情的一種語言藝術。所以朗誦可以背誦也可以看稿啊,這主要是根據朗誦的場景而定的。
    相關標簽: 全腦開發
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